Robert John Levine MD

Professor of Medicine and Lecturer in Pharmacology; Chair: Executive Committee, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics; Director, Law, Policy and Ethics Core, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, School of Public Health.

Departments & Organizations

Program for Biomedical Ethics

Office of Student ResearchPharmacologyCenter for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDSInternal Medicine


Dr. Levine is an internationally recognized expert in medical ethics with concentration on the ethics of research involving human subjects. He is author of the text, Ethics and Regulation of Clinical Research, 2 editions; Founding Editor of IRB: A Review of Human Subjects Research; Co-Founder of Yale's Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics and co-author of the Belmont Report. He has served many groups concerned with the development of policy in the field of research ethics including the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences as Chair of its steering committee for the revision of its International Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects and the World Medical Association as Chair of its working group to propose a revision for its Declaration of Helsinki.


  • M.D., George Washington University , 1958

Selected Publication

  • Levine, R.J.: The Nature, Scope and Justification of Clinical Research: What is Research? Who is a Subject? In The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics, edited by E.J. Emanuel, C. Grady, R.A. Crouch, R. K. Lie, F.M.Miller and D. Wendler, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2008, Chapter 21, pp. 211-221.

Latest Honor and Recognition

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